Septic System Leach
Although the failure may be caused by the septic tank, usually it is the leach field which fails. When water cannot pass properly through the leach field, it either backs up into the home or office or it is forced to the surface, resulting in puddles.
A leach field generally consists of a series of four-inch diameter perforated distribution pipelines placed in two-to-three foot wide trenches.
Effluent from the septic tank flows by gravity or is pumped to a leach field for disposal. Wastewater effluent is absorbed by soil particles and moves both horizontally and vertically through the soil pores. The dissolved material in the effluent is removed by bacteria which live in the top few feet of the soil.
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